afraid worse is to come: people who study earth's climate have found that
as it warms
up, the weather is going to get more violent and unpredictable. Hurricanes,
for example, will become more powerful — a big worry for people living
in the south of the United States and in the tropical Pacific or Indian
ocean areas like the Philippine islands and Bangladesh. Deserts
are increasing and places like the Great Plains of America will get drier.
Rain will be heavier in other parts of the world so there will be more
floods. These things have already started to happen.
What is El Niño?
This is a huge climate 'event' during which winds and sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean go into reverse. All kinds of weird weather happens worldwide because of this, much of it very damaging. El Niño events erupt every few years and peak arond Christmas: El Niño (Spanish) means The Child (Jesus). 2015-16 has seen the biggest El Niño episode for some years. Climate change seems to be making El Niño events stronger. More on what happens...